types of freight

The 4 Essential Types of Freight: A Comprehensive Guide

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There are several types of freight, among which the following stand out: road freight, air freight, ocean freight and rail freight.

To choose between these options, it is important to analyze your company’s needs, consider the experience offered in the market, and evaluate the risks of each option you have.

Types of Freight

From EP Logistics we offer these 4 types of freight from which you can select. Each service is carried out professionally and offers advantages according to the type of company you have.

types of freight

Road freight is very useful for deliveries that may take a little longer than others, but are very economical.

In the case of air freight, the service is much faster, but also more expensive. In some cases, ocean freight is a better option due to some cost reductions related to transportation and taxes. And rail freight is an environmentally friendly and cost-effective option.

1. Road Freight

The road freight service we offer at EP Logistics has thousands of trucks at your disposal. The most suitable trucks are selected according to the size of the goods and the type of delivery you require.

This service can be provided both nationally and internationally across the borders of Mexico, United States and Canada.

Depending on the order to be delivered, EP Logistics offers Full Truck Load (FTL), Less Than Full Truck Load (LTL), Hot Shots, Cargo Consolidation, Oversize Cargo and Special Projects. 

Some benefits of this freight types are:

  • Safe and secure transportation
  • On-time delivery
  • Economical cost
  • Quick customs clearance

2. Air Freight

This type of freight is more expensive than others because it is a premium service, but it is also much faster.

EP Logistics understands the financial limitations that some companies may have and has built a global network of airports and airlines around the world to reduce costs. Air freight includes services such as:

  • IAC 
  • Indirect Air Carrier
  • TSA Certification
  • Export packaging and labeling
  • Crating
  • Preparation for documentation
  • Airport to airport 
  • Airport to door
  • Charters
  • Hand carriers

3. Ocean Freight

Ocean type freight is a maritime service that is useful for several companies that need to ship internationally. Due to some regulations and global situations, depending on the origin and destination of the goods, it may be a better option to use ocean freight.

From EP Logistics, we offer door to door transportation with a complete freight forwarding service. In addition, we have direct contracts with many shipping lines to ensure efficient work.

When choosing the company to hire for your type of freight services, take into account that the company will carry out the documentation, transport, delivery and ensure the protection of the goods.

4. Rail Freight

Rail Freight offers a very efficient service compared to other types of freight trucks. It offers efficient and less costly handling of goods. The cost-benefit ratio is one of its benefits.

One of its main problems is that there are countries where rail lines have fallen into disuse and require other services to make deliveries.

How to choose the right freight for your needs

Choosing the right freight options depends entirely on your company’s objectives, the type of goods to be transported, the urgency of deliveries and your budget.

There are several aspects to evaluate before picking a type of freight. Analyze the benefits that each type can bring you and get advice to better evaluate the possibilities. 

Analyze your company’s needs

Here you should review the type of merchandise you transport, this can influence the time you have for delivery and the care that must be taken.

In addition, depending on the country, the regulations for the passage of goods may be more beneficial by sea, land or air.

Establish what delivery times you manage in the company, as well as the budget you have for the delivery of your goods.

Look for a freight shipping agent with experience

In the market, you can find various companies that offer transportation services, so it’s important to check how long they have been performing their duties to choose one. But beyond that, make sure they are professional and have the links and strategic partners to effectively carry out their tasks.

At EP Logistics, we have professionals in the transportation field and connections with airlines, airports, and various types of trucks. In addition, we offer documentation services, warehousing, expedited freight, dry van and everything you may require when transporting your goods.

Types of trucks for freight

The principal types of freight trucks are:

  • Light-Duty Trucks: These trucks are ideal for smaller loads and shorter distances, commonly utilized for local deliveries and by small businesses.
  • Medium-Duty Trucks: Striking a balance between payload capacity and maneuverability, medium-duty trucks are versatile and widely employed across various commercial applications.
  • Heavy-Duty Trucks: Tailored for heavy loads and long-distance hauls, heavy-duty trucks are well-suited for industries such as logistics and construction, boasting impressive towing capabilities and durability.
types of freight

The different types of freight offer you various options for budget, speed, and handling of your merchandise. Choosing one or the other depends on the company’s goals and what it requires with each delivery. To evaluate the best options for your cargo, you can contact us at EP Logistics for advice.


How to choose the right freight truck for your needs

To get the right trucks for your company, you need to evaluate what you require based on the merchandise you’re going to transport. Then, look at the types of trucks available and which one best meets your needs. At this point, assess fuel efficiency, the safety it offers to products, and you can conduct a test drive.

Daniel Payan

Daniel Payan

Daniel Payan, International Ocean and Transportation Manager at EP Logistics, has honed his expertise in the logistics industry over the course of a decade.